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Crossword Puzzle Flower Bed

So called “Crossword Puzzle Flower Bed” is of interest in the tropical greenhouse where you really find plants the names of which you know from the solutions but you could not image anything real under the names – kola, koka, abaka, balsa, anona. They are supplemented with useful and pharmaceutically significant plants. New breeding is used as undergrowth. One comes from the “home workshop“ of the Teplice Botanic Garden and concerns the plants from the gesneriad family, mainly Kohleria and Achimenes genera, the second from the Research Institute of Silva Tarouccy for Landscaping and Ornamental Gardening in Průhonice and introduces the newest hybrids of favourite impatiens plants (Impatiens).

Aquarium and Terrarium in the Tropical Greenhouse

There are all together six aquaria in the tropical greenhouse. First two are opposite the Pacific part. First of them is inhabited by cichlids which are sweet water fish coming from African lakes. Their name is derived from their special care for offspring when females take fertilized eggs into their mouth. The second aquarium is Asian with trichopoda, puntius, botia and barbatula. Between them there is a terrarium which hosts tree geckos phelsuma madagascariensis (Phelsuma madagascariense). Close to Aristolochia Aristolochia arborea there is a stone “well“ reserved for beautiful water turtles (Trachemys scripta elegans). Between the entrances to the rock garden and subtropical greenhouse there are other three aquaria devoted to South America. You find ca 10 species of tetra in one, red bellied pacu swim in the second and the third is devoted to the queens of aquarium fish – symphysodon fish. 

In the footsteps of statues

The author of the sculptures is the gardener Bc. Harald Eichhorn. 

The 11 meter high statue of the Hand of the Desert (Mano del Desierto) was unveiled in 1992 at one of the driest places on the planet - the Chilean Atacama Desert. A replica in the botanical garden completes the exhibition dedicated to the desert vegetation of Chile. It aims to emphasize the magnitude of human helplessness and vulnerability in the big world. 

The Mexican exhibiton is complemented by a sculpture inspired by Olmec heads. The Olmecs established the first culture in the Gulf of Mexico and began building monumental temples. 

In the swampy areas of North America, be aware of alligators, when you are watching flowering plants. 

Almost every exhibition is suitably complemented by an artifact that is related to geographical area or theme. 

Animals in the garden

Colorful flowers full of nectar attract a variety of pollinators. You may encounter an inexhaustible range of insect representatives playing an important role as a pollinator. The symbiosis of plants and insects has been an important driving mechanism for Angiosperms. The tiny flip flops of the greenhouse (Eleutherodactylus planirostris) sound loudly through the night greenhouse. These frogs grow to a maximum size of 3 cm. 

Exposure of Brown Coal Formation

The life of Teplice citizens has always been impacted by the fact that the city is located in the North Bohemian coalfield. You could expect that people are roughly acquainted with the history of their region. Unfortunately they are not. Jiří R. Haager, the founder of the modern age botanic garden in Teplice, organized a small survey and asked 33 local university students “from what brown coal was formed and from which period it comes from“. Only two roughly knew it, the others remembered “something about giant sedges and horsetails“ from school – but that is black coal and “they were mistaken“ in about 300 million years.

That motivated us to include a part imitating Northbohemian brown coal landscape of early Miocene (this is the period roughly about 17-23 million years ago) in the new greenhouses. Quite a small exposure covers only a couple of meters in the greenhouse but will definitely provide basic information. We had to select replacement material because plants which had been inhabating Northern Bohemia about 20 million years ago do not exist anymore. Where possible we chose at least identical genus. Therefore the “landscape“ is dominated by glyptostrobus Glyptostrobus pensilis (today only one genus preserved in Southern China) and taxodium (we used Mexican Taxodium mucronatum). Prehistoric oaks were replaced by Northamerican small species, especially Quercus phyllireoides Instead of non-existing Zelkova zelkovifolia we used dwarf cultivar Zelkova serrata ´Goblin´. The same small cultivar was chosen instead of pincushion, Sciadopitys verticillata, growing only in Japan which we know from the brown coal layers in the form of pollen but in close Saxony it had created thick coal layers. There is still a lot of willows growing in our country but these wouldn´t stand greenhouse climate – so we also chose Japanese Salix bakko. Several, in the Teplice region already extinct species of heathers, are reminded by North American Myrica pennsylvanica. The exposure is supplemented with generally known Cissus and raspberry (Rubus), palms are represented by the Sabal and Calamus (rotang) genera and ferns Blechnum. The extinct ginger genus Spirematospermum is replaced by Alpinia chinensis from the mountains of south-eastern Asia.

The whole exposure is supplemented with information panels prepared in cooperation with the geologists of Bílina Mines with the shows of fossilized leaves and petrified stump of Taxodium given to the garden by Mgr. Pavel Rück who was mainly preparing the sand pit in Údlice from the paleobotanical perspective.

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