CZ | EN | DE |


The Individual sections and exhibition areas of the Botanic garden Teplice


The new exhibition glasshouses have the total area of 2400 m2, and are 54 m long and 39 m wide so the planted area is of 2100 m2. The difference is represented by the entrance hall, various toilet facilities including those for the handicapped and areas not open to the public such as the control room of the glasshouse automatic systems and the gardeners’ handling mechanisms.

Above the entry to the new glasshouse, there is a stone sculpture of the Mayan God Yum Kaax (pronounced yum kash). He is the patron god of game, animals hunted and used for human sustenance, and wild plants, particularly those with beneficial properties

36.jpg Yum Kaax (Lord of the woods in Yukatec) - patron of our glasshouses.


The spacious entrance hall is a natural gathering and meeting point with a cloakroom. The surveillance cameras for the monitoring system guarding the glasshouses are also sited here. The hall has been designed to be a ‘cut off’ from the European reality and that is why the space is stylised to resemble a courtyard of a pagoda from Southeast Asia. The main point of interest is a pool with ‘Buddha’s fingers’, beautiful stalagmites imported from the Vietnamese town of Vinh. The bows with additional plants are also original. One of the walls is covered with ceramic plastic art by the famous Teplice sculptor Milan Žofka. The motif of ‘dragons in the stormy clouds’ was inspired by the emperor’s tombstone in Hué. The other walls are decorated with pictures by the Teplice artist Petr Reinmann, the first one shows a Tibetan God of plenty and success, and the second, a conex lens, Buddha’s benevolent eye watches the visitors, similar to the one in the temple of Tay Ninh, in Vietnam.

37.jpg Ceramic plastic art by M.Žofka


(Length 39 m, width 18 m, that means the total area of 702 m², the height at least 6.5 m, 7.4 m at most – because it is vital to anchor the glasshouse below ground level, it is necessary – as it is in the other glasshouses - to add one more meter to the total height of the glasshouse)

Vast areas of the Earth are covered by plant communities adapted tolong periods of drought. For our display in Botanic Garden Teplicewe have selected some very attractive ones from Central America, mainly from the Mexican semi-deserts, also from the dry mountainous areas of South America, the western part of South Africa and the arid south of Madagascar. Several smaller ones supplement these main areas with a show of flora from the Galapagos, Arabia and rare vegetation from the island of Sokotra situated in the Arabic Sea between Yemen and Somalia. The visible piece of art here is Mexican pueblo. In many botanic gardens there are similar exhibitions built on cacti. We have not excluded these beautiful plants but we wanted to show a more complex view, a condensed exhibition of real nature where trees, bushes, bulbous and summer annuals play their role.

38.jpg Starting to plant in the xeric glasshouse, November 2006


(Length 36 m, Width 30 m, that means the total area of 1080 m ², height at the lowest point 6.5 m, at the highest point 14.2 m / + 1 meter because of the anchoring of the glasshouse below ground level/)

The tropical rain forest and hot, yearlong wet monsoon areas are covered with the richest plant communities on our planet. The exhibition is (as everywhere else in the Botanic Garden Teplice) divided phyto-geographically and includes the flora of Central and South America, equatorial Africa and North Madagascar, South-East Asia, Australia and adjacent insular Australasia and finally the Pacific islands – from Tahiti to Hawaii. The last named area is represented by both original species of Hawaiian hibiscuses and their modern large blossom cultivars imported from Florida. The Central Asian part includes a waterfall created by M. Žofka, the Central American exhibition is enriched by ‘a forest covered ruin of a Mexican pyramid’ and a ‘well’ with water tortoises Trachemys scripta elegans nearby. In the glasshouse there is a display case with orchids containing rare and very decorative plants from different families and also six large aquariums. One of them is devoted to African cichlids, two of them are Asian, one represents the seashore with mangroves and is inhabited by crayfish, in the second one labyrinth fish prevail and the last three are from the Americas (Dutch with tetras) ‘black Amazon’ inhabited by angelfish and the last one is dominated by Amazon arowanas and freshwater stingrays.

39.jpg Construction of a lake in the tropical glasshouse


The interesting thing in the ‘crossworder’s’ flower-bed is that you really will find the plants whose names are well known from crosswords but you are unable to visualise anything specific – cola, coca, abaca, balsa, anona; these are added to with more ordinary and well known herbal varieties and pharmaceutically important plants. New cultivation is used for the undergrowth. One part comes from the ‘domestic workshop’ of the Botanic Garden Teplice and deals with the plants from the family of the Gesneriaceae, mainly the Kohleria and Archimenes genera (see the section “Research, Taxonomy, Our Hybridisation”), the second one comes from the Research Institute of Silva Tarouca for Landscaping and Ornamental Gardening in Průhonice and introduces the latest crossbreeds of favourite New Guinea impatiens to the visitors.

40.jpg Balsa


(Length 54 m, Width 9 m, that means the total area of 486 m ², height at 6.5 m /+ 1 meter because of the necessary anchoring of the glasshouse below ground level.)

The Andes from Mexico to Patagonia, the Himalayas and the subtropics of South-East Asia, Australia, New Zealand, the mountains and eastern South Africa with winter rains – these all are introduced in the subtropical glasshouse. Moreover, as you enter the visitor is welcomed by a small exhibition, which could be called, the origin of brown coal and is worth a few separate lines.

41.jpg Subtropical glasshouse work in progress


The life of Teplice’s citizens has been influenced for ages by the fact that the city is situated in the North-Bohemian coalfield. Therefore, we would assume that the people living here know the history of the region. Unfortunately, they don’t. The reality is quite different. We organised a mini-survey among 33 local university graduates in our garden and asked them the following question: ‘What does brown coal come from and how old is it?’ Only two of them knew an approximate answer, the others remembered something from school about “the giant club-mosses and horsetails” – but this means ‘black coal’ and they “made a mistake” of about 300 million years.

42.jpg Up to 70 % of coal in the Bilina Mine comes from the conifers of Glyptostrobus genus

This lack of local knowledge prompted us to make a display whereby we imitated the North-Bohemian coalfield of the early Miocene period, between 17 – 23 million year ago, in our glasshouses. This small exhibition occupies a few metres in the subtropical glasshouse but provides people with basic information. We had to select substitute material because the original plants, which lived here in North Bohemia, do not exist any more. However, where possible, we used the same genus. This landscape is dominated by Chinese Swamp Cypress (today’s only living species is in South China) and cypresses (we used the Mexican Montezuma Cypress Taxodium mucronatum). The prehistoric oaks were replaced by the small Japanese species, especially Quercus phylliraeoides. Because the Zelkova zelkovifolia no longer exists we used the ground cultivar of Zelkova serrata ´Goblin´. The same cultivar was used with the Japanese umbrella pine, Sciadopitys verticillata, which we only know from our brown coalfields in the form of pollen, but in neighbouring Saxony this species created thick coal layers. We have a lot of willows here, but they could not stand the glasshouse climate – so we selected the Japanese Salix bakko; the North-American Myrica pennsylvanica is the species now extinct in the Teplice area. The exhibition is supplemented by well known Cissus and raspberry (Rubus), the palms are represented by genus Sabal and Calamus, and fern Blechnum. The extinct genus of ginger Spirematospermum is replaced by Alpinia chinensis from South-East Asia.

The whole exhibition is pulled together by the information panel, prepared in cooperation with the geologists of the Bilina Mines, which shows fossilized leaves and a stony stump of cypress, donated to the garden by Mgr.Pavel Rückl, who paleo-botanically documented the sand pit in Údlice.

The subtropical exhibition is livened up with a display with of relatively cold-requiring carnivorous plants and orchids and there is a patio formed by a column where water flows on a star shaped pergola. Next to the pergola, there is one of the most valuable plants of the garden, an example of the African conifer Afrocarpus (Podocarpus) gracilior (Fern Pine) which is at least one hundred years old. We feel we must mention a small collection of botanic rhododendrons from Vireya genus (as opposed to the display in the Asian part), which grow between Australia and continental Asia, but they are most frequent in New Guinea and Borneo. On the slope on the left the original subtropical rhododendrons from South China continue the exhibition.

Zobrazit jako: katalog | tabulku

This site uses cookies to provide services, customize ads, and analyze traffic. By using this site, you agree. More information

I understand